Links

Peter Schultz

John Goodinson
Artist/designer/illustrator

Phenomenists
Internet Agency/ISP

The British Museum
London England

The Acropolis Museum 
Greece

Maxon
Software Developer

Dr Alexandra Lesk
Archaeologist

Bronwen Wickkiser


Below: our sister sites



The Temple of Athena Nike on
the Acropolis
is the subject
of a major reconstruction

and historical perspective
from antiquity to
the
preset day.


02 erechtheion webthumb

The Erechtheion - famous the
world over for
its asymmetrical
layout and porch of the
maidens.
Archaeologist Dr Alex Lesk takes

a new look at this enigmatic
temple to Athena
polias.

The Thymele

plan drawings thymele

Above: the result of two
years collaborative work
for the team. Creating the
most accurate model
existing of the Thymele.

Under the guidance and
supervision of John Svolos.

You can see our achievement
by visiting the menu above:
'Thymele Architecture'

NEW FOR 2016
Reconstruction of the
Finial. The crowning
glory of the architecture.

Thymele_Finial_3D



Sometime around 380 BC the citizens of the small Peloponnesian city Epidaurus launched a massive building program at the 
nearby healing sanctuary of Asclepius.

In terms of scale, expense and design, nothing like the Epidaurian building program had been attempted since Pericles’s grand imperial project in fifth-century Athens.



Asklepius sanctuary 3D reconstruction
Above: in the foreground is the Thymele, behind it stands the Abaton, and to the right is the Temple of Asclepius.


The sanctuary was expanded to include a fine new temple designed and built by the architect Theodotos, an expensive chryselephantine cult statue created by the Parian sculptor Thrasymedes, an innovative theatre attributed to Polykleitos the Younger and, most important for us here, an elaborate round building, exquisite in design and decoration, known as the Thymele.




3D thymele epidaurusOnly the best


In terms of labour, expense and complexity, the
Epidaurian thymele eclipsed the structures that surrounded it. The variety 
and quality of the materials used in its construction were unmatched in the Epidaurian Asclepieion and in most other Greek
 sanctuaries.

This sumptuous building was central both physically and ritually to the panhellenic sanctuary it adorned.
 This is confirmed by its position next to the temple of Asclepius and directly across from the old altar of Apollo and Asclepius. For its size, the Thymele was the most costly and ornate building in the Peloponnese.



A wonder

The Thymele was also innovative in terms of structure and design: not only were tholoi (round buildings) rare in Greek sanctuaries generally, but this particular round building had an unusual labyrinthine substructure that made it unique in
 the history of Greek architecture.

Asklepius 3D reconstruction 2

It is with good reason that the famous American epigrapher Alison Burford describes the Thymele at Epidaurus as “the most beautiful building in the sanctuary, surely intended by the planners to be a wonder to all beholders.

Interpretations and Hypotheses


Since its excavation in the nineteenth century, scholars have proposed a wide range of interpretations for this enigmatic
 structure, all prompted in part by its curious design.

For example, the Thymele has been considered to be either Asclepius’s
 tomb or an architectural frame for an altar to the hero-god. These readings seem logical, given the building’s central 
position in the sanctuary and its name: the term Thymele is often associated with altars or other places of sacrifice. The Thymele has also been interpreted as a prytaneion, a fountain house, a dining hall, an astronomical tool, a library, a
 space for therapeutic incubation, and even a house for sacred snakes.


Thymele-overhead-crop-GifA curious hole at the centre of the Thymele’s floor
 opens into the substructure below, and this been interpreted as a well or a pit for offerings including blood libations and eggs (a common symbol of rebirth) that were supposedly poured into it from the cella above.

Other scholars have
 suggested that the substructure was a maze through which worshippers wandered like initiates in a mystery cult.



Some of these interpretations have captured the popular imagination and appear in handbooks and guides on Greek architecture and religion, but there is room for further research and new hypotheses.




Harmonics of Healing



We are suggesting that in addition to many other possible functions, the Thymele at Epidaurus served as a space or
 musical performance. This music may have been specifically and intimately related to the function of the sanctuary of
 Asclepius: ritualised healing.

 We show how the architects of the Thymele harnessed the latest innovations in ancient musical, medical, and acoustical
 theory and created a building that provided a locus for the sacred harmonics of the gods, a building that would indeed inspire
 awe and wonder to all who saw—and heard—it.

повышение эффективностисоздание сайта стоимость москва